In the United States it is illegal to discriminate against pregnant individuals. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is a specific amendment found under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Any discrimination against pregnant individuals is a violation of Title VII and is against the law.
If you are an employed, pregnant person, you must understand your rights regarding health insurance and fringe benefits. According to FindLaw, health insurance must cover pregnancy-related conditions and an employer may not restrict pregnancy related benefits to married employees.
Health insurance requirements
In the event that your employer provides you with insurance, that insurance must cover pregnancy-related conditions in the same way that it covers costs for other medical conditions. However, employers are not required to provide health insurance to cover abortion except for in the event where the life of the mother is in danger.
Companies must reimburse any pregnancy-related expenses the same way as they would other medical maladies. The insurance provider may not impose larger or increased deductibles upon pregnant individuals. Employers must also provide the same variety of health benefits for spouses of employees whether those spouses are male or female.
Fringe benefit requirements
In the event that employers provide any variety of benefits for workers that are on leave, they must provide those benefits for individuals on leave for pregnancy-related conditions. In the event that pregnancy renders an employee temporarily disabled, an employer must manage a pregnant employee the same way as they would manage other temporarily-disabled employees. Additionally, the employer must provide these fringe benefits irregardless of the pregnant employee’s marital status.